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The Cost of Cheap Milk

WP_20150705_003Who does not like a bargain? We all like to pay as little as we can for goods and services, but the current crisis facing British dairy farmers shows that if it seems too good to be true it probably is. When we pay so little for milk do we stop to think: how can it be this cheap?

As a teenager I lived in North Yorkshire and helped out on a neighbours farm. I loved being on the farm, being with the animals, being outdoors and driving a tractor. The farmers son would milk the cows and I would walk them back up the lane to the field they were in. It was a small family farm, which has now been passed onto the sons to run. We are told that it is market forces driving down the cost of milk with over supply around the world. Efficiency is needed by British farmers to compete in this market. However, is this what we want for our milk production and our countryside? At what cost our cheap milk? It is small farms like my friends which are probably less efficient than large agri-businesses, where there is not a farmer, but a farm manager, with contractors who come and do the work. Do we want small family run farms to go out of business?

Also, milk production is only one part of what farmers do. They play a crucial role in shaping and managing our countryside as part of our food production. My farming friends would (at least most of the time) maintain and repair the dry stone walls, cut hay from meadows once birds had finished nesting. They are only payed for the milk and other goods they sell, but a lot goes into making that happened which is of benefit to our countryside. So, at what cost cheap milk?

It has been suggested that we need fair trade milk, just as we have tea, coffee and sugar. This seems a good idea, but also seems a sad reflection on the state of our food production system, it should be common sense that people who work hard to produce food that we need get paid a fair price for what they produce.

There is a cost to cheap milk, it may not impact us directly straight away, but it will impact our countryside and those who produce our food. So next time we are buying milk, or other goods may we think about who produced it and how much it costs.

Songs of Praise

If I had to be critical of BBC Songs of Praise it would be this: the stereotypical image of white, well off people singing quaint hymns in chocolate box churches. Now, I have to admit I do not watch Songs of Praise often enough to know whether that image rings true. Certainly for the Anglican Church Worldwide, it is not a representative image. When I heard Justin Welby the Archbishop of Canterbury speak in February he said the ‘average Anglican was an African woman in her thirties who was earning $3-$4 a day, was likely to be living in a conflict or post-conflict situation and probably being persecuted for her faith. “Normal life is poverty, hard-work, fear, oppression and war,”[1] This is a far cry from what is perhaps the stereotypical view of the Anglican Church in England (the Church of England). On the other hand it is not so far away from the tin clad Ethiopian Chapel from which BBC Songs of Praise will broadcast its show from the migrant camp in Calais on Sunday.

Songs of Praise has come under criticism in the press[2] and on social media. One criticism is that the BBC is being overly political in doing this show. However, part of the BBC’s Public purpose is ‘promoting education and learning’ and ‘bringing the UK to the world and the world to the UK.’[3] Is not a programme raising awareness of a humanitarian crisis on our doorstep, which humanizes those referred to a ‘swarm’[4] achieving those aims? And yes the BBC cannot be party political, but perhaps like the Church it is to be political in terms of holding power accountable and holding a mirror to society. What does it say about our society that we can be outraged by the broadcast, but not by the situation facing migrants?

A second criticism, especially on social media is of the BBC wasting license fee money on the show. The daily cost of the BBC license fee is 40p per day[5]; I wonder what percentage of that went on Songs of Praise? How does that compare with what is spent on paying for sports contracts? Or top name celebrities?

I am pleased that Songs of Praise has taken the decision to broadcast from Calais. It is a reminder that those seeking to enter the UK are not ‘a swarm’, but people: men, women and children. Many of those seeking sanctuary in the UK are young, have lived in conflict and post conflict situations, suffered poverty and persecution. They are much closer to the average Anglican around the world, than the stereotypical view of Songs of Praise and the Church of England would suggest. If the broadcast makes people feel uncomfortable, then maybe we need to look deeper at why this is the case? Why is it easier to see these people as a ‘swarm’ and to dehumanize them, rather than to see them as brothers and sisters in Christ?

[1] http://www.cofebirmingham.com/news/2015/02/26/birmingham-has-much-boast-about/

[2] http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3192351/Songs-Praise-Jungle-Crew-BBC-s-flagship-religious-arrives-Calais-migrant-camp-shoot-controversial-episode.html

[3] http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/bbctrust/assets/files/pdf/about/how_we_govern/charter.pdf

[4] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-33716501

[5] http://www.bbc.co.uk/corporate2/insidethebbc/whoweare/licencefee

The Great British Bake Off: Judgement

Reluctantly I have been watching ‘The Great British Bake Off,’ I say reluctantly, not because I don’t like the show, for it makes for great TV; and in time I will have my favourite bakers and be wowed by what amazing creations they will produce. I watch reluctantly because I struggle with the tension of the show: will someones hard work come to nothing as their creation fails with a ‘soggy bottom’? Who will be star baker? Who will be leaving the baking tent?

The bakers each bring their work before Paul and Mary for judgement. Will their offering be accepted or not? The faces of the bakers often nervous and anxious as they wait for the judgement to be pronounced. My favourite part of the show is watching these pensive faces begin to transform as a smile breaks out and joy covers the face as either Paul or Mary say ‘that tastes good’ or ‘well done, thats lovely and light.’ In that moment the look of the baker is transformed, the judgement they had been so anxious about has turned to joy and happiness.

It reminds me that often people can be anxious about the judgement of God. God is there as a strict judge or parent, just waiting to harshly criticise us for what we have done. Yes God is our judge and we should always be in awe of him, but his judgement is to bring justice – his way of doing things on earth as in heaven – this justice also includes mercy and love. Like the offerings of the bakers that are brought to Paul and Mary, do we rise to the challenges of life? Do we make the most of the raw ingredients we have been given? For just as when anxious faces turn to smiles in Bake Off, I wonder is the same true when we stand before God? Our anxiety about judgement is transformed into joy because God looks us in the eyes and tells us he loves us, that given the raw materials we started with, we have risen to the challenges of life. Sometimes we may feel like the star baker,other times we may be deflated and feel we have failed. But we do so in the knowledge that the one who is to judge us loves us beyond all measure.